• Orthodontics


What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry. Orthodontic specialists treat patients whose positions in their teeth are uncomfortable and inappropriate, or their jaws are inappropriately coupled, which ultimately leads to low and low jaw bone.

Orthodontics also includes treatments and control of various types of growth of facial tissues, orthopedic facial and facial surgery, as well as treatment of the shape and evolution of jaw (jaw). An orthodontist is called an orthodontist.

Orthodontic science also includes beauty dentistry when the patient’s intention to come to the orthodontist’s office is to change the appearance and form of the face and beauty. An orthodontist uses a variety of tools and devices, such as a guide device, plaques, brackets, etc. that help orthodontic treatment. With the help of these devices, the orthodontist can open open spaces between the teeth, correct the inclination of the teeth, and also rotate the teeth unplanned, correct the patient’s speaking, eating, modifying the long-term health of the gums and Teeth, as well as preventing a series of erosion that is caused by the teeth being not matched together.

Malocclusion (high and low teeth pairing)

Malocclusion literally means improper placement of the maxillary and maxillary teeth. In some children, teeth and jaw have not evolved perfectly and perfectly. Malocclusions are teeth that are unevenly aligned or have not evolved in their original path, or their relationship to the level of the jawbone and their arrangement is not appropriate. Of course, the cause of malocclusion may be due to abnormalities, blow to the teeth, jaw and face, or due to sucking a thumb or other reasons that are unknown. Sucking a thumb in one area causes deformation or deformation of the tooth and bone in that area. To correct this abnormality, the best treatment to prevent this type of habit is to prevent the patient from sucking a thumb.

In general, malocclusion is not a disease and does not affect physical health and a variety of positions in the position of the teeth. However, this type of irregularity of the teeth can have a direct effect on the appearance of the person’s face and socially, he will lose his confidence in the community, or even develop a depression with the advancement of dental anomalies. It can be said that very severe abnormalities can affect the type of eating, talking, or even how to clean teeth. The oral health of the UK has emphasized that nearly one-third of 12-year-olds need orthodontic treatment.

Types of dental anomalies that people with this type of abnormal teeth need orthodontic treatment are as follows:

Extremely prosthetic anterior teeth

Treating these types of patients will not only correct the appearance of the patient, but they will be protected from damage and damage due to orthodontic treatment, as they are very dangerous and the patient with the smallest accident or exercise A martial may damage his teeth.

The teeth are very messy and crowded that are placed together

If the patient’s jaw is very tight and lack of space, these teeth can not ideally grow and place in their place. In these therapies, an orthodontist may have one or two teeth or some teeth that can create enough space for other teeth to fit or lay the ideal, and other teeth can be positioned appropriately in the proper position. To put up

Late teeth

In some adult patients, the teeth are held in the bones due to delayed teeth or lack of space, or they do not grow above the gum.

Blunt teeth

Do not place the upper and lower jaw teeth ideally – especially when the mouth is closed, the teeth are clearly visible and protruding, and are not well-formed and do not have a good appearance and appearance.

Orbital or Dip Bite (The teeth are overly covered on the lower teeth)

When excessive teeth are placed on the lower teeth, the risk of friction between the upper and lower teeth increases and causes damage to the tissue. The soft and coma of the patient becomes sick.
Turner Byte – When jaw teeth are located ahead of the maxillary teeth or,

in other words, the teeth are placed in the lower teeth.


When only the posterior part of the jaw overlaps over and over, and the anterior portion of the teeth does not fit together.

Ander Baite

When the difference between the jaws is very large, it means that bulldog dogs with a very low front jaw can be seen.
Cross Bite – Ideally, the placement of maxillary and maxillary teeth is such that maxillary teeth are completely covered with all mandibular teeth. In other words, mandibular teeth should be a subset of maxillary jaws. If the maxillary tooth is located inside the jaw mandrel, this type of anomaly is referred to as cross-byte.

Spacing (space between teeth)

Sometimes between the anterior and posterior teeth there is excessive space, as gingiva over time will be analyzed in the area. Orthodontic treatments are divided into several sections at this stage. If the patient has jaw abnormalities, it is best to have orthodontic treatment before the developmental mutation – in girls 9-11 years (premenstrual) and in boys before the age of 13.

Due to the fact that at this stage, the growth mutation has not yet occurred and the bones are very soft in the dough and in the event of a bone abnormality, the orthodontist can restrain all orthopedic movements, alter the growth of the jaw, rigorous or mirroring the jaw Make it possible. However, at an early age after a developmental mutation, for example in girls after menstruation, and in boys after the age of 13, bone changes will be difficult to accomplish and may not be possible because bone growth is proven and if the patient has jaw and skeletal abnormalities It may be possible to treat severe surgical treatments at the age of 18 years after bone growth is proven, or by brushing teeth with orthodontic compensatory treatments. Children who have a cleft palate or lips often have narrow jaw stents and impacted teeth. They can undergo a therapeutic phase at an early age before the developmental mutation, opening the path of the implanted teeth, which can easily be applied to the area of ​​the cavity Oral growth and in the second phase of treatment, they will continue to treat their beauty after the developmental mutation and development of their permanent teeth. The important point to be noted here is that the health of the mouth and teeth is very good, and it is essential to start with orthodontic treatment. Once the orthodontic treatment can begin, the mouth and teeth have reached an ideal organic sanitation. One of the processes of orthodontic treatment is oral and dental care. Any dental anomalies, decay, mass and plaque on the teeth, deep caries, broken fillings, broken roots and any contamination and infection in the mouth should be corrected before the beginning of orthodontic treatment by the general dentist and sure training to the patient. To maintain oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment, such as washing with water and salt solution, mouthwash, orthodontic toothbrushes, orthodontic toothbrushes and nutrition. Certainly, patients who have low health orthodontics during treatment will have many problems along the orthodontic pathway, and their teeth will most likely be prone to rot.

Diagnosis of dental problems and proper treatment plan before starting treatment

The onset of orthodontic treatment in some articles aged 7 and in some articles, since the patient can sit on the dental chair and collaborate with an orthodontist, orthodontic treatment can be initiated.


The start of orthodontic treatment

To start an orthodontic treatment plan, there are prerequisites for a good, ideal treatment plan, such as:
1. Take the medical and dental history of the patient
2. Clinical check of teeth, jaws, tissues and patient’s profile
3. Examining the color photos taken from the patient before treatment
4. Radiographic photos taken from the entire teeth and jaws of the patient and ultimately
5. Glycemic stomach (primary) of the patient, which often presents an ideal treatment plan after performing these steps. Fixed orthodontic appliances The most commonly used devices used in orthodontics are fixed devices, and are usually used when some kind of precision and sensitivity is important for treatment. Of course, it can be used in constant patient orthodontic treatments, but it should be more cautious and avoid eating a variety of foods and beverages, especially those with more carbohydrates and hard and sticky foods. As well as those who do martial arts, they must be careful not to hit them.

Fixed orthodontic types

Orthodontic devices are of two types: fixed and movable

Orthodontic devices and devices


Brackets include braces and orthodontic wires, as well as rings that are used around the teeth of an Asian as anchorage where orthodontic forces can be controlled in those parts. Brackets are usually attached to the front teeth and the joints to the posterior asymmetric teeth. Orthodontic orthodontic wires usually arranged in the form of an oral jaw arch are placed on the bracket and attached to the brackets with orthogonal orthogonal wires, which connects rotation and dental force. Of course, there are a number of brackets that automatically contain clips and locks that do not require plastic colored rings. In using brackets, patients usually come to the orthodontist’s office every 21 days or every three weeks to adjust the strengths, and the treatment takes 6 months to 24 months, depending on the abnormalities and type of collaboration. Today, most children and teens go to the rugged, transparent or colored brackets that have a better appearance in the community.

Fixed permanent carriers

Usually this kind of space preservatives in young children that are in the range of permanent and permanent teeth and their teeth should be in their mouths up to their time, but for various reasons, caries, strokes or early crashes They should be kept out of the waiting room, so that the permanent teeth placed under the gum in the gum bone can grow at the right time at the right time.

Specific fixed devices

The following types of devices can be used when a patient has a tounge trusting or thumb or a thumb is tight: Moving orthodontic appliances These types of devices are usually used in very simple and not very complicated treatments. For example, if a patient needs to leave a thumb-sucking habit or if their anterior teeth are mildly mild, they will be used by the mobile device. Of course, these types of devices can be taken out of the mouth when eating, cleaned, and the patient can brush and use dental floss and reinstall the moving device. An orthodontist sometimes advises patients to take the device out of their mouths when doing a lot of games and exercises to prevent any damage by orthodontics.


Examples of orthodontic instruments are as follows:

Invisible transparent plaques or teeth alignment

A series of invisible transparent plaques that are used today to arrange toothbrushes instead of metal brackets are not very clear in the mouth and the patient can remove them from the mouth and Toothbrushes and toothbrushes can be used to eat food easily and then can use it again.

Leader devices

These types of devices are orthopedic devices that connect to high jaw brachyches and upper jaw and are commonly used in patients with small mandibular incisions, which are both cervical and type Its series is being used. The operation of this type of jaw control is from horizontal and vertical growth and lower jaw growth.

Lip & cheek bumper

Usually used when you want to prevent lip pressures on the teeth. A lip behind the lips and cheeks that comes from the pressure of the cheeks and lips to the teeth Prevents.

Palatal Extender (Palatal Expander)

If the patient has jawbone stenosis, this type of device is used to open the upper jaw and may have a screw in the middle of which will provide the patient with training. It is given to activate them once a day or once a week to open the jaw.

Movable Removable Remnants

Often, at the end of orthodontic treatment, any rotations and changes to the teeth should be kept in place for an extended period of time after the orthodontic treatment so that the teeth retain their new position and the tissue around to the position New to be compatible, in other words, to prevent any reversibility. These retainers can be fixed or movable.

Movable space carriers

a substitute for fixed space shuttles.

Spinetes for gingival analgesia and prevention of toothache

Usually patients with abnormalities in the bone or bone and gum analysis, or teeth with gum dyspnea, from splints that hold teeth together. It is possible to make bones in that part and prevent teeth from moving and moving.

Spinelles are suitable for positioning the jaws one by one

usually the splints can be placed in the upper jaw and in the lower jaw. In this way, the upper and lower jaws are placed closer to the mating and usually these splints are used in the treatment of temporal joint anomalies.

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